Do You Need to Go to Art School to Be an Artist?

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Every artist has asked themselves this question more than once. You might have even considered it at some point. It’s a monumental decision capable of shaping not just your journey as an artist but your entire life path. However, the question remains: Is it truly necessary?

Various factors influence the decision to pursue art school. Firstly, many people don’t see art as a viable career option, so the existence of specialized institutions can be a surprise. For those aware of art schools and aspiring to enroll, feasibility depends on factors like admission and affordability.

It’s a complex question with no definitive answer. Opinions on the matter vary greatly, with some artists viewing art school as a waste of time. In contrast, others consider it one of the best decisions they’ve ever made.

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The Pros of Attending Art School

Comprehensive Education and Training

Art school provides a structured curriculum aimed at refining your skills. While vocational art schools help you learn the relevant skills and particular competencies in art, academic institutions delve into the fundamentals of art and design, art history, and theoretical underpinnings of artistic expression.

While traditional degree programs take longer to complete, you develop technical proficiency and gain a deep understanding of the historical and conceptual contexts in which art exists—this means understanding not just how to create art but also why.

Through this, you develop a critical vocabulary and conceptual framework that informs your decisions and enhances your ability to effectively communicate your intentions and ideas.

Beyond technical proficiency, art school, whether vocational or academic, cultivates critical thinking, problem-solving, and creative expression. Through critique sessions, conceptual challenges, and interdisciplinary projects, you’ll learn to think critically about your work and push the boundaries of your creativity.

Of course, the ability to articulate ideas, critique artworks, and contextualize your practice within broader intellectual discourses is possible without attending art school. It is a skill, after all. However, having structured guidance can make this process significantly easier. Art school provides readily available resources and direction, sparing you the need to search for these resources independently.

Access to Experienced Faculty and Mentors

One of the greatest assets of art school is the opportunity to learn from seasoned professionals who have walked the path before you. Faculty members and mentors provide invaluable guidance, feedback, encouragement, and knowledge gleaned from their own experiences and hours of research and study of and in the industry.

Exposure to a Diverse Community of Artists

Aside from the gallery, art school is a huge melting pot of creativity, bringing together individuals from diverse backgrounds, cultures, and perspectives, fostering dialogue and exchanging ideas, enriching practice, and broadening worldviews.

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Opportunities for Networking and Collaboration

Building a successful career in the arts often requires more than talent—it requires connections. Art school provides ample opportunities to network with fellow artists, gallery owners, curators, and other industry professionals, laying the groundwork for future collaborations and partnerships.

Art school is one place where you can learn to mingle and be extroverted. This doesn’t mean changing who you are, but you may find it difficult to get your work out with zero social and business skills. Remember, the best-known artists are primarily good marketers.

Access to Facilities and Equipment

Art school provides access to state-of-the-art facilities, including studios, workshops, and equipment, allowing you to explore various mediums and techniques. Additionally, many art schools have affiliated galleries where students can exhibit their work, gaining valuable exposure and experience in the professional art world.

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The Cons of Attending Art School

High Tuition Costs and Potential Debt

The hefty price tag is one of the most significant drawbacks of attending art school. Tuition fees, in addition to art supplies and living expenses, can quickly add up, leaving many graduates saddled with crippling student debt.

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Limited Job Prospects

Finding stable employment in fine arts can be challenging despite artistic skill, creativity, and education. The art world is notoriously competitive, with few opportunities for full-time positions, leaving many graduates struggling to make ends meet through freelance work and odd jobs. Some may end up pursuing careers that are entirely unrelated to their field of study.

Pressure to Conform to Academic Standards and Expectations

Art school can be a double-edged sword, fostering creativity while also imposing academic constraints and expectations. The pressure to produce work that aligns with prevailing trends or academic standards can stifle individuality and artistic freedom.

Competition and Comparison

In art school, you’re surrounded by people like you, vying for recognition and success. While healthy competition can motivate, constant comparison can breed self-doubt and insecurity, undermining your confidence and creativity.

Burnout and Creative Blocks

The intense demands of art school—deadlines, critiques, and coursework—can take a toll on your mental and emotional well-being. Burnout and creative blocks are common pitfalls, threatening to derail your aspirations and passion for your work.

Factors to Consider Before Making the Decision to Go to Art School

  • Remember that not all art schools are the same. Some focus on academic and traditional painting, while others foster interdisciplinarity and experimentation. Some prioritize technical skills, while others incorporate theory into their curriculum.
  • Research different art schools and programs to find the best fit for your interests and learning style. Consider faculty expertise, curriculum offerings, facilities, and alumni success.
  • Financial considerations are also important. Evaluate your financial situation and explore alternative funding options like scholarships and grants to ease the financial burden.
  • Seek advice from mentors, professionals, and alums who have experience in the art world. Their insights can provide valuable perspective as you weigh the pros and cons of attending art school.
  • Lastly, think about the long-term implications of attending art school. Consider how it will impact your career trajectory and artistic practice. What do you hope to achieve through your art practice? Are you open to furthering your education with a master’s degree?


Deciding whether to attend art school is a deeply personal choice that demands careful consideration and research. As we’ve explored in this article, formal art education comes with its own set of pros and cons.

It’s important to recognize that art school isn’t the sole path to success in the art world. Graduating from art school cannot guarantee artistic success or shield against self-doubt, uncertainty, or rejection.

Many celebrated artists have charted unconventional routes through self-teaching, apprenticeships, workshops, and residencies, bypassing traditional art education altogether. Don’t hesitate to explore alternative avenues to success in the art world. There are numerous paths for artistic growth and professional development beyond the confines of traditional art school.

Whether you choose art school or alternative paths, remember that your journey as an artist is uniquely yours. Embrace challenges, celebrate victories, and never cease striving to realize your potential.


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One response to “Do You Need to Go to Art School to Be an Artist?”

  1. Greer Tappert avatar

    Great little article on the pros and cons of formal Art schooling or following more of a self-taught path perhaps. From personal experience, I have now been a full time Artist for the past 2 years – self taught. I transitioned and started taking my work more seriously 12 years ago, juggling work and painting. After spending 30 years in various roles including brand and marketing ( in the financial services industry), I am able to use these skills and my experience for my own business.
    Basic marketing understanding is probable quite essential, and there’s some great short courses out there, but the most important parts from my experience, is: find your own style true to you, understand your reason for creating your art, letting go of the critics opinions (they’ll love it, over analyze it or not like it) – it’s YOUR work backed by your reasons and thinking, and, find your audience who GET you and love you and your work because it resonates with them.